The Star, 2 Mar 2014
KUALA LUMPUR: The Health Ministry has called on Malaysians to be alert towards early signs of heat stroke in the wake of the current hot and dry weather.
“Among the early symptoms of a heat stroke are a throbbing headache, nausea, lack of perspiration despite the hot weather and a fast pulse,” Health director-general Datuk Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah said.
“Other signs are weak muscles, spasms, vomiting, dry and reddish skin and seizures and blackouts.”
He said heat stroke happens when the body temperature exceeds 40.5°C.
A normal human being’s temperature is at 37°C.
Dr Noor Hisham said the high temperature would lead to complications to the nervous system of the brain, which could result in a coma.
The Meteorological Department had earlier said that the hot and dry weather now was worse than last year and was expected to continue until mid-May.
Dr Noor Hisham said prolonged exposure to the hot weather, not drinking enough water and dehydration were among the causes of heat stroke.
As such, he suggested placing anyone suffering from a heat stroke in a shaded and cool area.
“The high temperature can be reduced by placing the victim under a fan and wiping his body with a wet towel. The patient can also be placed in a pool of water,” he said.
Dr Noor Hisham urged Malaysians to avoid leisure activities under the sun and to drink a large quantity of water of at least 2.5 litres a day. — Bernama